Kyrgyzstan is a highly mountainous country with relatively high precipitation in upslope areas. This, alongside the development and deforestation of basins to make way for industry and agriculture means that land has become increasingly degraded and vulnerable to erosion over recent decades. Reservoirs in the country provide access to water resources and energy in the form of hydropower, but are highly susceptible to sedimentation by eroded material. Sedimentation necessitates increased maintenance costs, reduces storage capacity and disrupts hydropower generation. It is therefore proposed that landscape scale restoration measures (e.g. tree planting) can provide key ecosystem services by reducing vulnerability to erosion and decreasing sediment delivery to reservoirs. This project therefore identifies highly degraded areas of land and determines in which of these interventions are possible. With the outcomes of this study, the World Bank – in partnership with the government of Kyrgyzstan – can prioritise investments in terms of landscape restoration efforts. The outcomes of this project will therefore reduce maintenance costs for reservoirs and contribute to the afforestation and restoration of multiple areas in Kyrgyzstan.
The Ridge to Coast, Rain to Tap: Sustainable Water Supply Project (R2CR2T) is an integrated approach to addressing flooding in the Cagayan River basin on Mindanao in the Philippines. R2CR2T is a Public Private Partnership led by VEI together with the partners COWD (Cagayan de Oro Water District), FITC, UTPI/Hineleban Foundation Inc. (HFI), Philippines- and Netherlands Red Cross, Cagayan de Oro River Basin Management Council (CDORBMC), and Wetlands International. R2CR2T is funded by RVO through the Sustainable Water Fund programme.
The Cagayan River Basin is characterized by an upstream mountainous area with steeply sloping terrain towards downstream Cagayan de Oro city. Upstream deforestation and land degradation are known to increase risk of flooding in the city, which is at present already at a high level. One expected outcome of R2CR2T is to have an enabling environment for stakeholders, both private and public sector, to undertake activities related to sustainable land management in the Cagayan River Basin. A Decision Support Tool (DST) for identifying critical areas and approaches for rehabilitation and its benefits regarding flood risk reduction, soil erosion reduction, and enhancing dry season flows, will be developed based on a scientifically-sound hydrological model for the watershed of the Cagayan River.
FutureWater was hired to advise on the development of the DST and hydrological model, critically review the quality and applicability of (intermediate) outputs by the local team and their service providers, and provide an external and international ‘helicopter view’ on the eco-hydrological aspects of the project. In a general sense, FutureWater supports the R2CR2T project team to maximize the impact of the DST will have for the CDORB region and stakeholders.
The Inle Lake in Myanmar is renowned for a number of traditional cultural and livelihood practices, which have made it one of the main attractions for Myanmar’s booming tourism industry. The lake is, however, suffering environmental degradation from the combined effects of unsustainable resource use, increasing population pressures, climate variability and rapid tourism development. UNDP is supporting the establishment of ILMA, which will have the mandate to manage conservation activities in the Inle Lake protected area.
Under this project, a set of maps will be developed and delivered to the ILMA geodatabase. Different methods, including satellite remote sensing and GIS, will be integrated to complete an updated boundary demarcation of the protected area, based on the Inle Lake watershed boundaries and recent developments in land use. Key ecosystem services of Inle Lake region will be mapped, which will inform an updated zoning (core zone, buffer zone, transition zone) of Inle Lake protected area. Workshops and bilateral meetings are organized to consult with the government stakeholders at several steps during the project, and a training workshop on ecosystem services mapping will be organized at the end of the project.
The framework used for this evaluation has been the IFC Performance Standards 3 (Resource Efficiency and Pollution Prevention) and 6 (Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Management of Living Natural Resources), complemented with what is considered good practice.
El Grupo de Acción Local (GAL) CAMPODER es una Asociación para el Desarrollo Rural que tiene como objetivo mantener programas, proyectos y actuaciones para el desarrollo integral y sostenible de su territorio. Las actuaciones comprenden acciones en el ámbito de la conservación y restauración del medio ambiente, la explotación y promoción de los recursos locales (agricultura, industria), la mejora de infraestructuras, y la conservación y fortalecimiento del patrimonio histórico-artístico y sociocultural.
Durante el periodo 2014-2020, los diferentes GAL de la Región de Murcia deben rediseñar nuevas estrategias de desarrollo con las que alcanzar los objetivos prioritarios establecidos en el Programa de Desarrollo Rural y la Estrategia Europa 2020. En este marco de actuación las nuevas políticas de desarrollo deberán perseguir la gestión y uso sostenible de los recursos naturales y permitir el desarrollo económico equilibrado e inclusivo en lo que se refiere a las zonas periurbanas.
Este proyecto tiene como prioridad dar a conocer los valores ambientales del GAL Campoder a través de sus espacios naturales, y explorar, mediante técnicas de participación social y valoración económica, la percepción social que de ellos se tiene. El proyecto se articula sobre dos ejes principales:
- La identificación y caracterización ambiental de tres espacios naturales protegidos representativos en el ámbito del GAL (FutureWater), y
- La evaluación económica mediante valoración contingente y experimentos de elección de las principales alternativas de gestión (Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena-Universidad de Murcia).
Como resultado del proyecto se ha publicado el libro «Caracterización y evaluación de preferencias de desarrollo de los principales espacios naturales del Grupo de Acción Local Campoder» a la vez que se ha editado un vídeo de divulgación en el que se destacan las particularidades y valores ambientales de los espacios naturales seleccionados en el estudio.
Rapid land use changes in the Red River Basin threaten water resources. Urbanization, deforestation, intensive agriculture etc. cause pollution, ecosystem degradation, increased greenhouse gas emissions, floods and droughts. This project will be working in the Day River Catchment, a Red River distributary important for Hanoi, where most of these problems are manifest.
More inclusive development of land and water resources is possible with interventions such as sustainable urban drainage, agroforestry and minimum tillage, but trade-offs between land development and riverine ecosystems remain. It is a challenge to quantify the impact of interventions, to feed this knowledge into regional and national planning systems and to incorporate more inclusive practices into private sector investments. This project specifically sets out to address these challenges.
The project will develop equitable and economically viable pathways for the land and water resources of the Red River Basin that maximize social and environmental benefits over the next decades. The project will develop these pathways through multilevel stakeholder dialogues, using scenario thinking, and support this process with the (further) development of tools and frameworks for governing water and land, including further development of Water Accounting (WA+). WA+ is the systematic process of identifying, recognizing, quantifying, reporting, assuring and publishing information about water, the rights to that water, and the obligations against that water. WA was originally developed by IWMI and has been modified and upgraded by UNESCO-IHE into WA+. An ‘ecosystem service sheet’, showing the benefits of ecosystem to humans, will be developed using the results of this project. In this way, the project will develop an innovative tool for inclusive decision-making that can used at a global scale to support water resources planning. Key users are involved as project partners to ensure that project outputs are designed in such a way that they are beneficial to them and that outputs will be turned in to outcomes.
Within this project, FutureWater will work on remote sensing analysis and hydrological modelling of tradeoffs in different scenarios regarding the future development of the Day Basin.