Desafío

Las cuencas hidrográficas son la unidad básica de gestión de los recursos hídricos. Con la intensificación del uso del agua, el cambio climático y los cambios en el uso del suelo, lograr una gestión sostenible del agua en la escala de la cuenca del río se está volviendo cada vez más desafiante.

El agua debe asignarse entre diferentes sectores y usuarios, como la agricultura, la industria, la población a través del suministro de agua potable, la generación de energía, y el mantenimiento de los ecosistemas naturales. Para lograr esto, se deben implementar planes a escala de cuenca para la distribución de agua y la priorización de los usos del agua en condiciones de escasez hídrica. Es necesario tener en cuenta una serie de cuestiones ambientales, sociales y políticas para lograr un suministro de agua de calidad aceptable en cada sector y momento. Dado que las demandas de agua ya exceden la disponibilidad en muchas regiones, se espera que los cambios en los patrones climáticos (que a menudo conducen a sequías prolongadas y eventos de lluvia más extremos) exacerben aún más el grado de complejidad al que deben de enfrentarse los tomadores de decisiones.

Los gobiernos nacionales, las autoridades de gestión de las cuencas hidrográficas (incluidas las transfronterizas), las juntas regionales de agua y las ONGs requieren cada vez más herramientas de apoyo para la toma de decisiones y asesoramiento que aborden los problemas relacionados con el balance entre demandas y disponibilidad hídrica, y su asignación óptima entre los usuarios de cuenca en el corto y largo plazo.

Enfoque FutureWater

FutureWater tiene experiencia en proporcionar soluciones para la gestión sostenible del agua a escala de cuenca hidrográfica.  Nuestros proyectos se gestionan a través de la cooperación y la participación con las partes interesadas (ejemplo, gobiernos, administradores y gestores del agua, y usuarios) para garantizar la absorción del conocimiento local en nuestros sistemas de apoyo a las decisiones e informes de consultoría. Al emplear expertos internacionales, líderes en los campos de gestión de recursos hídricos e hidrología, FutureWater puede ayudar a los clientes de varias maneras:

Disponibilidad de agua en toda la cuenca bajo condiciones cambiantes

FutureWater utiliza una variedad de herramientas y modelos de simulación diseñados para la evaluación cuantitativa de la disponibilidad de agua en diferentes escalas espaciales. Estas herramientas se implementan para evaluaciones de línea de base, así como análisis de escenarios, con el fin de evaluar una gama de proyecciones futuras (clima, demografía, uso de la tierra, desarrollo de recursos hídricos) que permitan al tomador de decisiones anticipar las condiciones futuras y ajustar sus estrategias de adaptación. Para la generación de escenarios y el análisis de impactos, FutureWater utiliza herramientas big data que permiten el procesamiento rápido y eficaz de grandes volúmenes de datos, y la generación de resultados comprensibles e intuitivos. Los escenarios generalmente se desarrollan en estrecha colaboración con los clientes y otras partes interesadas relevantes en la cuenca.

Optimización de la planificación de la cuenca fluvial y la asignación de agua

Para fines de planificación de cuencas hidrográficas, es esencial relacionar la disponibilidad de agua con la demanda de agua en el espacio y el tiempo. Se deben definir reglas óptimas de asignación de agua para lograr políticas de gestión del agua que sean resistentes a los patrones cambiantes tanto en la oferta como en la demanda. Esto se relaciona tanto con el uso humano del agua como con los requisitos de flujo ambiental. Al trabajar con herramientas de optimización de asignación de agua bien establecidas, FutureWater apoya a gobiernos y organizaciones de cuencas hidrográficas en la formulación de políticas de asignación de agua e identificando oportunidades para un mayor desarrollo sostenible de recursos hídricos. Por lo general, los modelos de apoyo a la decisión basados en conceptos se combinan con modelos de disponibilidad de recursos hídricos físicamente más avanzados (ver arriba), para proporcionar una imagen completa y precisa de los procesos que ocurren a nivel de la cuenca.

Planificación integrada basada en el nexo agua-alimentos-energía-ecosistemas

En el contexto de cuencas hidrográficas complejas, el análisis solitario de los los flujos de agua no resulta suficiente para lograr una gestión sostenible de los recursos hídricos. FutureWater tiene muchos años de experiencia en el desarrollo y aplicación de herramientas para la evaluación espacio-temporal de la producción de cultivos, el potencial de energía hidroeléctrica y una gama de servicios ecosistémicos relacionados con el agua. Al proporcionar información sobre los beneficios que se pueden obtener de los recursos hídricos de la cuenca en diferentes escenarios, FutureWater permite a los tomadores de decisiones disponer de una visión más cercana y precisa del nexo entre la funcionalidad de los ecosistemas, y la generación de alimentos y energía.

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    The objective of this study was to support the “Central Asia Regional Energy Sector Vulnerability Study” led by Industrial Economics (IEc) and funded by the World Bank, by carrying out an expanded risk assessment for water availability and water related energy sector impacts in Central Asia. The work built on…

  • Water and Climate Services for transboundary water management and disaster risk management

    During this pilot project the applicability of the in-house developed Drought Monitoring and Impact Assessment Toolbox (DMIAT) and HiP2P rainfall downscaling methodology were demonstrated for the Red River Basin in Vietnam. Furthermore the first steps in developing an integrated product for transboundary water management in the Red River Basin were…

  • SWIMM: Soil Water evaluation system based on Integrated Measurements and Modelling

    The main objective of the project was to support policy making, under current and future climate conditions, on optimal water management in nature reserve areas, based on uniform and consistent data collection. The project built upon knowledge developed under the “Klimaat voor Ruimte” framework and refined and demonstrated a method,…

  • The Nairobi Water Fund: hydrologic modelling and economic valuation of investment options

    In 2013 The Nature Conservancy (TNC) started working to launch the first Water Fund in Africa to restore and protect the condition of the Tana River and improve Nairobi’s water security. Key questions that needed to be answered were “Where and in what activities should the fund invest its money?”…

  • Gridded Meteorological Datasets and Hydrological Modelling in the Upper Indus Basin

    Understanding of the hydrological regimes in the mountainous Upper Indus basin (UIB) is essential for water resources management in the region. High-resolution gridded meteorological datasets, which capture the spatial variability of precipitation, are critical for modelling the hydrology of high-mountain regions. Improvements to existing gridded datasets using high-elevation station data…

  • Climate adaptation Colombia

    The 2011 floods and droughts in the Magdalena river basin triggered the Colombian government and water institutions to enforce the attention given to water security and dike safety. To improve the capacities of Colombia for adaptation of water management to climate change pilot projects were started in one small and…

  • Water Planning Tools to Support Water Governance

    ARA-Centro is one of the five regional water management organizations in Mozambique and has to advise on the water availability and the required number of reservoirs that are needed to make the envisioned economic developments possible. For this advisory role, tools are needed like a water allocation model that can…

  • Climate change indicators for Mekong River Commission

    With this study, the Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (CCAI) of the Mekong River Commission (MRC) offers a review of existing monitoring systems and indicators of climate change to improve the understanding of riparian governments, relevant line agencies and others on the status and impacts of climate change. The report should…

  • INTOGENER: La integración de datos satelitales y modelos de previsión para aplicaciones energéticas

    La necesidad de tener un pronóstico preciso a corto y mediano plazo de los caudales de rio generados por el deshielo en las cuencas de alta montaña es un componente importante para la gestión del agua y las actividades hidroeléctricas en varios ámbitos a escala global. Debido a la lejanía y el difícil acceso en...

  • Green Water Credits demonstration project Algeria

    In cooperation with Algerian partners the “La Mina” basin was selected to demonstrate the potential for Green Water Credits (GWC) in Algeria. GWC can be seen as an investment mechanism for upstream farmers to practice soil and water management activities that generate benefits for downstream water users, which are currently…

  • Spatial and temporal rainfall variability in the Tungurahua province of Ecuador

    La planificación y la toma de decisiones requieren una mayor precisión a menor escala que las estimaciones existentes del recurso proveniente de la precipitación. Existen actualmente lagunas de datos en las series pluviométricas registradas por las estaciones meteorológicas y falta una red de observación hidro-meteorológica bien establecida. Por lo tanto,…

  • Water availability analysis for the upper Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins

    As part of the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Program (HICAP) ICIMOD has contracted FutureWater to generate climate change and water availability scenarios for the upstream parts of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins based on a high resolution hydrological model that FutureWater has developed.

  • Green Water Management and Credits Toolkit for China

    Green Water Management & Credits is a concept developed by ISRIC. It allows quantification of water supply and demand, erosion reduction, yield increase, sedimentation amounts, and hydropower production that is needed to calculate the economic costs and benefits of environmental protection measures. In order run this concept in areas, an…

  • Towards a Mekong Delta Portal

    Studies have shown that the Mekong Delta is very vulnerable to floods and droughts, which will intensify due to climate change. Currently, these threats are not adequately monitored and information on such threats is inconsistent and only scattered available. Therefore Vietnam is in need of data sharing systems and advanced…

  • Mainstream climate change adaptation and mitigation into agriculture in the Southern Caucasus

    This study contributes to the agriculture sector climate change impact assessment and adaptation and mitigation strategy identification and evaluation. The study encompasses the three countries of the Southern Caucasus region: Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The project also includes components for capacity building among in-country staff, and support of the World…

  • SIRRIMED: potenciar el uso sostenible del agua mediante la mejora de las técnicas de riego y el desarrollo de herramientas de gestión

    El proyecto “Sustainable use of irrigation water in the Mediterranean Region” (SIRRIMED) es un proyecto europeo de cooperación del VII Programa Marco, enmarcado en la temática “Alimentación, Agricultura, Pesca y Biotecnologías”, que cuenta con un presupuesto superior a 4 millones de euros, y en el que participan quince socios de ocho países distintos: España, Italia,...

  • Monitoring of Glacier, Climate and Runoff in the Hindu – Kush Himalayan Mountains

    For this project a review was conducted of current state of knowledge in (i) climate change datasets and downscaling used for glacier and high mountain modelling, (ii) glacier and snow contribution to river runoff in the Hindu – Kush Himalayan (HKH) region, (iii) hydrological modelling studies used for glacier and…

  • Water and Adaptation Interventions in Central and West Asia

    To assess the water resources availability in the Central Asia region under climate change hydrological models were developed for the two major rivers in the region, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya. Capacity building activities were undertaken to develop the capacity in each of the participating countries to use the…

  • Hydrological Impact of Green Water Credits Measures in the Sebou Basin in Morocco

    Green Water Credits (GWC) can be seen as an investment mechanism for upstream farmers to practice soil and water management activities that generate benefits for downstream water users, which are currently unrecognized and unrewarded. The GWC methodology was applied to the Sebou river basin. Data was gathered, prepared and verified…

  • Bias Correction for Satellite Precipitation Estimation used by the MRC Mekong Flood Forecasting System

    The Regional Flood Management and Mitigation Centre (RFMMC) has been established in Phnom Penh, Cambodia under the umbrella of the Mekong River Commission (MRC). One of the main objectives of the RFMMC is to establish an improved, robust and reliable flood forecasting system for short and especially medium-term forecast periods.…

  • Erosion and reservoir sedimentation in Tana basin, Kenya

    In this project an assessment of the soil erosion and sediment loads in Upper Tana Catchment areas was undertaken and the impact of sediment deposition on the reservoir capacities of the principal dams was estimated. A physiographical baseline was established through an intensive monitoring campaign of flow and sediment loads…

  • Nile Basin Data Base Development

    The Nile Basin Decision Support System (NBI-DSS) will provide the necessary knowledge base and analytical tools to support the planning of cooperative joint projects and the management of the shared Nile Basin water resources. FutureWater was asked to support this NBI-DSS and to undertake preliminary data collection and compilation. The…

  • Irrigation Potential Lake Victoria, Tanzania

    A study was undertaken to evaluate and rank five potential irrigation schemes in the Tanzania part of the Lake Victoria Basin. The study focused on the following five thematic areas: (i) land suitability, (ii) water resources assessment, (iii) water requirements, (iv) environmental considerations, and (v) institutional aspects.

  • Hydrological seasonal forecasts in mountaineous basins

    This project focused on the hydrology and cryosphere of the Himalayas and dealt with the influence of snow cover of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau on Asian monsoon dynamics, and the possibility to forecast the strength of the monsoon and the hydrological effects in downstream areas.

  • Groundwater Management and Exploration Package, Northern China

    In northern China, groundwater depletion reached catastrophic levels. Therefore, the Chinese government was looking for improved groundwater assessment and management tools. The GMEP (Groundwater Management and Exploration Package) project demonstrated that better observation and planning tools can assist decision makers. Focus of the project was on the Yellow River Basin…

  • Mekong River Basin Modeling Framework Development

    The Mekong River Commission (MRC) Information and Knowledge Management Programme (IKMP) is developing and expanding its modeling framework. FutureWater was asked to support the process by developing a complete strategy and to prepare a set of tender documents for implementation of the strategy. The project resulted in six specific Program…

  • Controllable weir in the Olstertocht River

    This study investigated if the possibility for upstream water retention would increase significantly with the construction of a controllable weir in the Olstertoch river. The input data and results of a previous water retention suitability analysis were evaluated and compared to expert knowledge. The methodology of the previous suitability analysis…

  • Determination of surface water evaporation

    In this project the suitability of five methods for calculating surface water evaporation was evaluated for the province of Friesland.

  • Green Water Credits Mechanism to support sustainable water use in Africa

    Green Water Credits can be seen as an investment mechanism for upstream farmers to practice soil and water management activities that generate benefits for downstream water users, which are currently unrecognized and unrewarded. FutureWater coordinated and carried out the biophysical assessment that quantified the impact of Green Water Credits practices…

  • Remote Sensing and Hydrological Modelling of the Rio Bravo, Aguascalientes and Central Northern Valleys

    The project has shown how modern analytical tools such Remote Sensing, GIS and simulation models can help to swiftly obtain data to support the water management decision making process. A diagnosis of the Rio Bravo and Northern Central Aquifers has been made to demonstrate management options as well as how…