The Mekong State Of the Basin Report (SOBR) is published by MRCS every five years. It provides information on the status and trends of water and related resources in the Mekong Basin, from an economic, social and environmental perspective. This project involves the hydrological and satellite-based analyses concerning spatiotemporal dynamics and trends of water-related habitat conditions, salinity intrusion, wetland extents, and fish habitats in the Mekong Delta and the entire Lower Mekong Basin. In addition, a broader assessment of key MRB-IF Assessment Indicators from all dimension (Environmental, Economic, Social, Cooperation, and Climate Change) is performed for the Upper Mekong Basin in China and Myanmar, based on literature and secondary datasets. Outputs are converted into high-quality texts, as well as intuitive and attractive visuals for the SOBR 2023.
The Mekong State Of the Basin Report (SOBR) is published by the Mekong River Commission (MRC) every five years, in advance of the cyclic updating of the Basin Development Strategy. The SOBR plays a key role in improving monitoring and communication of conditions in the Mekong Basin, and is MRC’s flagship knowledge and impact monitoring product. It provides information on the status and trends of water and related resources in the Mekong Basin. The 2023 SOBR is based on the MRC Indicator Framework of strategic and assessment indicators and supporting monitoring parameters, which facilitates tracking and analysis of economic, social, environmental, climate change and cooperation trends in the basin.
FutureWater was hired by MRC to perform the following tasks in support of the 2023 SOBR development:
- Data collection on the Extent of Salinity intrusion in the Mekong Delta and the conditions of the Mekong River’s riverine, estuarine, and coastal habitats
- Analyses of the extents of 2010, 2015, and 2020 LMB wetlands
- Analyses of the extents of key fisheries habitat areas in the LMB, and
- Data collection for all Assessment Indicators of MRB-IF for the Upper Mekong River Basin (UMB), including reporting and extracting key messages
Implementation of tasks 1 – 3 is achieved by using state-of-the-art remote sensing tools, such as the Google Earth Engine, building on the methods developed in the preceding project.
Task 4 builds on the findings of FutureWater’s contribution to the 2018 SOBR regarding the status of the UMB in China and Myanmar, more details can be found here.