Uzbekistan's water resources depend mainly on those provided by the Amu Darya river. The water resources of this transboundary river are practically fully allocated and highly sensitive to changes in upstream water availability and downstream demand. The overall water availability, seasonality and frequency/duration of extreme hydro-met events will be altered in many ways due to upstream changes in the high mountain regions, but also changes in water demand and use across the river basin, partially driven by climate change. Water users and sectors, including the environment and the Aral Sea, will face the consequences in the next few decades if no action is taken. Especially the agricultural sector – being the sector with the largest water footprint in Uzbekistan, will need to transform into more resilient systems at all levels.

This project will support the government to enhance the river basin planning in the Amu Darya river basin. In addition to preparing an investment portfolio in representative irrigation and drainage subprojects, the project will undertake a knowledge-based approach to deliver climate adaptive solutions for water resources management.

The project will use state-of-the-art downscaled Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) ensembles, other relevant hazards, hydrological/crop/planning model outputs and local information for the CRA assessment. This project will help the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to identify investments in key sectors with an explicit focus on reducing vulnerability to climate change within the basin.

The project will undertake:

  • Climate change risk analysis and mapping on key water-related sectors, impacts on rural livelihoods, and critical water infrastructures.
  • Climate change adaptation strategic planning and identify barriers in scaling up adaptation measures at multiple scales with stakeholder consultation and capacity building approach.
  • Identification of priority measures and portfolios for integration into subproject development as well as for future adaptation investment in the Amu Darya river basin. The identification will cover shortlisting of potential investments, screening of economic feasibility, and potential funding opportunities.

Previous related FutureWater project can be found here.