Uganda’s 2010–2015 five-year National Development Plan (NDP) recognizes that addressing the challenges of climate change is crucial to enhancing sustainable economic and social development. One of the key aims of the present study is to make an economic and social assessment of climate change impacts on the water sector in Uganda and to economically assess possible measures to adapt to these impacts to the period to 2050.

Climate change and variability affects countries’ economies and households through a variety of channels. Uganda’s 2010–2015 five-year National Development Plan (NDP) already recognizes that addressing the challenges of climate change is crucial to enhancing sustainable economic and social development. Most of the key economic sectors – such as forestry, energy and agriculture – will be affected by climate change and have recognized the importance of climate change and its effect on the national economy.

One of the key aims of the present study is to make an economic and social assessment of climate change impacts in Uganda covering a selection of the areas identified above, and to economically assess possible measures to adapt to these impacts to the period to 2050. The social and economic assessment will consist of the following steps:

  1. Preliminary sectoral studies characterizing the impacts of current climate variability and the medium to long-term probable impacts of climate change, on the basis of the climate change scenarios;
  2. An in-depth evaluation of the likely economic damages from climate change, building the analysis on downscaled climate scenarios, literature review and a broad consultations process;
  3. The costs of adaptation and other important factors that determine the ranking of potential adaptation measures (notably, concerns with equity and risk). Social impacts in terms of loss of income, loss of employment and morbidity will be estimated for those sectors where such effects are likely to occur.

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